Fish’s Position 84

Water Clarity 85

Light Intensity 85

Hatch Variables 86

Current Speed 86

Wind 87

Cover 87

Casting Obstructions 87

Current Maladies 87

Sound Vibrations 88


The goal of the approach is to place an angler [you] into the best position to present the fly without alarming the fish. The following variables influence your approach: the fish’s position, water clarity, light intensity, hatch intensity, current speed, wind direction, cover placement, casting obstructions, current maladies, and sound vibrations. After examining these factors, the angler’s choice of position is made; next, the actual approach takes place.

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